Members and Staff

Composition

The Human Rights Tribunal consists of at least seven members appointed by the government, namely a president chosen from among the judges of the Court of Québec and six assessors. The term of office of the president and of the assessors is five years, and is renewable (section 101). The Government may designate other judges from that court to sit as members of the Tribunal either to hear and decide an application or for a determined period (section 103). All members, judges and assessors, are chosen for their notable experience and expertise in, sensitivity to and interest for matters of human rights and freedoms.

Members and staff

The Tribunal is currently composed of 16 members, namely, the President, the Honourable Ann-Marie Jones, as well as five judges of the Court of Québec and ten assessors. When a case is referred to the Tribunal, the President assigns a division composed of three members, that is, the judge presiding over the division and two assessors to assist the judge.

The Tribunal staff plans and organizes the hearings and provides the necessary legal and administrative assistance to the members in the exercise of their functions.

Members

President

The Honourable Ann-Marie Jones was appointed President of the Human Rights Tribunal on September 1, 2014, for a five year mandate. In September 2019, her term was renewed for the same period.

Justice Jones holds a bachelor’s degree in law from the Université du Québec à Montréal and a postgraduate certificate in international law from the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva. She was admitted to the Bar in 1980 and began her career at Legal Aid at the Centre communautaire juridique de Montréal and then in private practice with the law firm of Alarie Legault until 1985, when she entered the Quebec public service. She worked as a lawyer at the Office of the Director of Criminal and Penal Prosecutions, for the legal departments of the ministère du Revenu and the Régie des alcools et des jeux, and as legal advisor for the Direction des services judiciaires de Montréal.

Her volunteer involvement has been diverse within the legal community and community organizations. Thus, she was a member of committees of the Bar and of the Ligue des droits et libertés, where she engaged in the defence of inmates. In 1985, she was part of an interdepartmental working group created by the Ministry of Justice. She then participated in the writing of the report entitled La condition des femmes détenues au Québec.

In 1997, she was appointed Commissioner of the Commission des relations du travail (now the Tribunal administratif du travail), a position she held until her appointment to the Court of Québec on September 5, 2001. She was then assigned mainly to the Youth Division in the District of Montréal. On August 1, 2012, she was appointed to the position of associate coordinating judge for the Youth Division of the District of Montréal, position which she held until August 31, 2014. Since her appointment to the Court of Québec, Justice Jones has participated in several committees of the Court. In addition, from 2010 to 2012, she was elected representative of the judges serving in youth matters within the Conférence des juges du Québec.

Judges

Justice Christian Brunelle was appointed a member of the Human Rights Tribunal on September 1,  2019.

He holds a bachelor’s degree (Université Laval, 1987), a master’s degree (Ottawa University, 1992) and a doctorate degree in Human Rights Law (Ottawa University, 2000).
He was a law professor at the Faculty of Law of Université Laval between 2000 and 2015, where he taught Human Rights and Labour Law. He has published two books and many articles on human rights issues. He served as vice-dean and secretary of the law faculty from 2007 to 2010. He was also the person in charge of the Groupe d’étude en droits et libertés of the Faculty.    
 
Admitted to the Québec Bar in 1988, he practiced in private practice mainly in administrative Law (municipal and education Law), civil Law and labour Law. He was a member of the Human Rights Committee of the Quebec Bar from 2007 to 2015.

On September 3, 2015, Justice Brunelle was appointed to the Civil Division of the Court of Québec.

The Honourable Mario Gervais was appointed a member of the Human Rights Tribunal on June 8th, 2016. Justice Gervais holds a bachelor’s degree in law from the Université de Montréal. He was admitted to the Bar in 1983. He began his career as a lawyer for Legal Aid, Youth Division, in Longueuil. In 1990, he became director of that office and, in 1996, director of the Youth and Adults Criminal Divisions. Member of the Youth committee of the Commission des services juridiques, he presented with colleagues, memoirs in front of parliamentary committees of the National Assembly, the House of Commons and the Senate. In addition, Justice Gervais presided the Youth committee of the Bar of Longueuil for ten years until 2007. In January 2007, Justice Gervais was appointed to the Court of Québec, Youth Division, in Longueuil.

 

Justice Luc Huppé was appointed a member of the Human Rights Tribunal on September 1, 2020.                                                                                                   
He holds a bachelor degree in law (LL.B., 1981) and a « Diplôme de droit notarial » (D.D.N., 1982) from the Université Laval and a master degree in law (LL.M., 1984) and a doctorate degree in law (LL.D., 1994) from the Université de Montréal.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
Admitted to the Bar in 1984, Justice Huppé practiced law in private practice in the field of litigation. He has published several articles in law reviews and is the author of three monographs about the judiciary : Le régime juridique du pouvoir judiciaire (2000), Histoire des institutions judiciaires du Canada (2007) et La déontologie de la magistrature – Droit canadien, perspective internationale (2018).                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
Justice Huppé was an assessor with the Human Rights Tribunal from April 29, 2009 until his appointment to the Civil Division of the Cour du Québec, on June 6, 2018, with residence in Montréal.

 

The Honourable Magali Lewis was appointeda member of the Human Rights Tribunal on June 8th, 2016. With both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree in law from the Université de Montréal, Justice Lewis was admitted to the Bar in November 1988. She initially worked for The Court Challenges Program and subsequently practiced law for several years at the firm Ménard & Martin, working principally in the domain of medical, dental and hospital liability.  She then opened her own firm where she broadened her practice to include family law. In July 2000, Justice Lewis moved to California and obtained a master’s degree in American law from the University of Santa Clara. Upon her return to Québec, she joined the firm Barrette & Associés where, in 2007, she added family mediation to her practice. Very involved in her community where she has served as president or vice-president of community organizations, Justice Lewis was also member of the Comité sur l’arbitrage des comptes d’honorairesof theBarreau du Québec from December 2010 until her nomination to the Court of Québec on January 30, 2014.

The Honourable Doris Thibault was appointed a member of the Human Rights Tribunal on November 1st, 2017.

She holds a bachelor’s degree in law from Université Laval and was called to the Bar in 1982. She practiced family law in different private law firms in Chicoutimi.
In addition to her practice, she taught family law at the Collège de Jonquière from 1987 to 1991. She is the author of an article published in Développements récents en droit familial 2000 and her comments on Superior Court judgements in family matters were published on Éditions Yvon Blais’ « Droit civil en ligne ».

Very much involved in her community, Justice Thibault was Bâtonnière of the Bar of Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean in 1997. She was also member of several boards of directors, including the Comité de la protection de l'enfance et de la jeunesse du Saguenay-Lac-St-JeanCrime Victims Assistance Centre (CAVAC), Centre des services sociaux du Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean and Accès-travail femmes, as well as chair of the board of directors of the Centre féminin.

At the time of her appointment to the Court of Québec, on January 15, 2008, she was a partner with the law firm Simard Boivin Lemieux, in Chicoutimi. Since her appointment, she has been involved in several committees of the Court, including the Comité conseil en matière jeunesse and the Comité sur la modification de la Loi sur l'adoption. From 2013 to 2017, she was on the organizing Committee of the Séminaire de rédaction de jugements and acted as president of the Conférence des juges de la Cour du Québec from 2014 to 2016.

Assessors

Mtre Pierre Arguin was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on August 1st, 2018.  He holds both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree in Law from the Université de Montréal. He also holds a master’s degree in political science from the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM), as well as a post-graduate diploma in public management from the École nationale d’administration publique (ÉNAP). Admitted to the Bar of Québec in 1983, and now a retired lawyer, he first practiced labour law at the Commission des normes du travail (CNT) and, in 1988, at the Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CSST). In 2000, he joined the legal department of the Ministry of Justice of the Government of Quebec, where he practiced mostly constitutional and administrative law. In 2011, he was appointed Commissioner at the Commission des lésions professionnelles, and in 2016, member of the Tribunal administratif du travail and served as administrative judge until March 2017. He is also the author and co-author of many articles, published in various law journals, and of some versions of the Loi (annotée) sur les accidents du travail et les maladies professionnelles.

 

Mtre Djénane Boulad was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on January 9, 2018. A member of the Barreau du Québec since 1986, and retired attorney since 2017, she holds a master’s degree (DESS) in Public International Law (Administration Internationale) from the Paris II Panthéon-Sorbonne University, in France. She has practised law as legal and legislative counsel at the House of Commons. Sha was also counsel to members of the Immigration and Refugee Board, as a refugee protection officer, and subsequently was Minister’s counsel to the Board. Following an assignment with the Canadian Human Rights Commission as a human rights officer, she served for 10 years at the Competition Bureau as a competition law officer in charge of major fraud and misleading telemarketing investigations.

 

Mtre Jacqueline Corado was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on September 27, 2017. She was called to the Quebec Bar in 2005 and has since the beginning of her law career practiced in the fields of litigation and administrative law in the municipal, provincial and federal public service as well as the private sector. She has been a presenter in numerous workshops and conferences in her fields of practice. In 2015, she joined the Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada (TATC) as General Counsel and was in charge, among other things, of the revamping in training for new Members and the professional development for the existing adjudicators at the TATC. She is the Vice-chair of the TATC as of October 2018.

 

Mtre. Pierre Deschamps was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on July 3, 2018. He graduated in Law from McGill University in 1975 after obtaining a degree in Religious Studies from the Université de Montréal in 1972.  He has been a member of the Québec Bar since 1976. He was a member of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal for ten years and Research Director at McGill University's Research Centre in Private and Comparative Law for more than 15 years.  During those years, he also held an appointment as Adjunct Professor in the University's Faculty of Law, where he taught human rights law and civil liability.  In 2000, Mr. Deschamps was made a member of the Order of Canada for his volunteer work. In 2013, he received the title of Lawyer Emeritus from the Québec Bar.  In 2015, he was appointed to the Québec End of Life Care Commission.

 

Mtre Carolina Manganelli was appointed as an Assessor to the Tribunal on March 30, 2016.  She was admitted to the Barreau du Québec in 2005. In addition to her civil law and common law degrees from McGill University, she obtained a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology with a minor in Canadian Ethnic Studies from McGill University, as well as a Masters in Law in Human Rights Law from University College London in the United Kingdom. She worked with the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe as well as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Upon her return to Canada she founded her own firm, thereafter pursuing her career in Aboriginal law with the Department of Justice Canada as well as with a private firm in Montreal. Before her nomination to the Tribunal, Me Manganelli was a Member of the Immigration and Refugee Board, Refugee Protection Division, where she presided over hearings and ruled on claims for refugee protection.

 

Mtre Marie-Josée Paiement was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on January 16, 2019. She holds a Bachelor of Arts from the Department of Applied Human Sciences of Concordia University as well as a Bachelor’s degree in Law from the Université de Sherbrooke. She is admitted to the Bar of Quebec in 1987. Since then, she practiced mainly as a prosecutor for the Director of Youth Protection of Batshaw Youth and Family Centres in matters of youth law. She was a member of the Committee in youth law for the Bar from 2007 to 2016 and she has worked for the Barreau du Québec from 2014 to 2015 as a lawyer for the Research and legislation department. In addition, she lectured in social law and in civil law for college level courses from 1991 to 2003.

 

Mtre. Myriam Paris-Boukdjadja was appointed Assessor with the Tribunal on October 9, 2019. A graduate of the Faculty of Law of the University of Sherbrooke she also holds a postgraduate degree in Alternative Dispute Resolution. She has been a member of the Bar of Quebec since 1998. After three years as a private practitioner, she joined the Ministry of Immigration and Citizenship, later to join the Canada Border Services Agency where she specialized in immigration and asylum. Acting on behalf of the Minister of Public Safety before the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) during more than ten years, she conducted numerous enquiries related to the Convention on the Status of Refugees. She has written the national training manuals on the presentation of investigations before the Refugee Protection Division and the Refugee Appeal Division, a training program provided across Canada. She was appointed Member of the IRB in June 2018. She presides and rules claims for refugee protection and detention reviews.

 

Mtre. Marie Pepin was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on September 4, 2013. A member of the Barreau du Québec since 1994, and now a retired lawyer, she also holds an honours degree in industrial relations from the Université de Montréal. For over 25 years, she worked in the field of labour relations for the Confédération des syndicats nationaux. More specifically, she looked into women’s working conditions and child labour throughout the world. She also participated in international missions regarding the rights of workers in developing countries. She is currently in private practice and associated with a firm that specializes in social law.

 

Mtre Daniel Proulx was appointed assessor to the Tribunal on March 20th, 2019. A member of the Barreau du Québec since 1978, and now a retired lawyer, he was a Faculty member of the University of Ottawa Law School from 1980 to 2004. In 2004, he became a law professor at the University of Sherbrooke, where he was also appointed Dean of the Faculty of Law for a seven years term. At the end of his term in 2011, he went back to his teaching and research activities at the Faculty, which he continued until his retirement on August 31th, 2019. Mtre Proulx is an expert in constitutional law and has published extensively in the field of human rights, especially equality rights and prevention of discrimination. He was also a member of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal (1989-1997) and co-editor of the Canadian Human Rights Yearbook (1985-1990).

 

Mtre. Mélanie Samson was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on March 2, 2011. Member of the Barreau du Québec since 2005, Mtre. Samson is a Full professor at the Faculty of Law of Université Laval, director of the legal journal Les Cahiers de droit, and director of the microprogram in legistics. She has been co-holder of the Chaire de rédaction juridique Louis-Philippe-Pigeon from 2015 to 2020. Her main fields of research and teaching are Human rights and the methodology of law. She regularly gives lectures on those topics. Several of the texts she wrote were published in specialized law journals in Canada, the United States, and Europe. Her doctoral thesis was published by Éditions Yvon Blais in 2013, under the title Les interactions de la Charte des droits et libertés de la personne avec le Code civil du Québec : une harmonie à concrétiser.  

Staff

Legal services

Mtre. Isabelle Gauthier has been acting as an attorney for the Tribunal since 2012, and as the head of the legal team since September 2016. Previously, she had held the position of legal research officer since April 2009. She has been a member of the Barreau du Québec since 1995 and holds a bachelor’s degree in law from the Université de Montréal, as well as a master's degree in comparative law with a major in bioethics from McGill University. She worked as an attorney and bioethicist in the health and social services network and acted as a member of clinical and research ethics committees. She then worked for seven years as a litigation attorney in matters of medical and hospital liability, and in matters of human rights with a private law firm.

 

Mtre. Frederick Doucet has been acting as an attorney for the Tribunal since June 2013. He holds a Bachelor’s of Law degree, and a Master’s degree in Common Law and Transnational Law from the Université de Sherbrooke, as well as a Master 2 in Human Rights from the Université Lumière Lyon 2. Mtre. Doucet is currently pursuing his Doctorate of Law at the Université de Montréal, under the direction of dean France Houle. His research is focused on the recognition of professional qualifications of professionals trained abroad, examined through the lens of the right to equality, as guaranteed by the Quebec Charter. Mtre. Doucet also works as a lecturer at the Université de Sherbrooke, where he teaches Human Rights Law and Law Theory, and is well-implicated at the Young Bar of Montreal and the Canadian Bar Association.

 

 

Mtre. Michaëlla Bouchard-Racine has been acting as a legal research analyst at the Tribunal since February 2020, where she previously acted as an articling student of the École du Barreau. She holds a Bachelor’s degree in Law as well as a Diploma of Higher Specialized Studies in Common law and transnational law (Juris Doctor) from the University of Sherbrooke. In the course of her studies, she completed an internship at the Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse in Montreal. Her key areas of interest include human rights, children’s rights and labour law.

 

Administrative support

Ms. Nadia Galinanes has been acting as clerk of the Tribunal since August 2020. She obtained a diploma in Paralegal studies from Ahuntsic College. Ms. Galinanes held the position of clerk of the court at the Montreal Civil Registry from January 2008 to August 2018. She subsequently worked for the Direction du Contentieux de Montréal as a paralegal. In her capacity as clerk of the Tribunal, Ms. Galinanes is responsible for setting the hearing dates for the roll. Under the authority of the President, she also ensures the coordination between the Tribunal and the attorneys.

 

Ms. Jacqueline Santos has been acting as a clerk of the Tribunal since August 2020. She holds a Bachelor of Laws from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and a Master of Laws from the University of Montreal. Ms. Santos held the position of clerk in the Civil Chamber, the Criminal Chamber, and the Youth Chamber from 2014 to 2018 in the districts of Laval and Longueuil. Ms. Santos was also a legal technician for the courthouse of Montreal in the Perception Office (BIA) from 2018 to 2019. Her main fields of interest are human rights and immigration law. Since 2014, she has been a member of the board of directors of a community center that offers assistance for immigrants. As clerk of the Tribunal, Ms. Santos is responsible for the office management under the authority of the President. 

 

Ms. Line Morin has been acting as principal secretary for the Human Rights Tribunal and assisting the President in her administrative functions since March 29, 2016. She is also the resource person for all matters related to the general secretariat of the Tribunal. Ms. Morin has extensive experience in secretarial work, having held operational positions and been an executive assistant at the ministère de la Justice since 1988. From 2001 to 2016, she assisted the Honourable François Marchand in his duties as judge and treasurer of the Conférence des juges du Québec.