Members and Staff

Composition

The Human Rights Tribunal consists of at least seven members appointed by the government, namely a president chosen from among the judges of the Court of Québec and six assessors. The term of office of the president and of the assessors is five years, and is renewable (section 101). The Government may designate other judges from that court to sit as members of the Tribunal either to hear and decide an application or for a determined period (section 103). All members, judges and assessors, are chosen for their notable experience and expertise in, sensitivity to and interest for matters of human rights and freedoms.

Members and staff

The Tribunal is currently composed of 17 members, namely, the President, the Honourable Madeleine Aubé, as well as six judges of the Court of Québec and ten assessors. When a case is referred to the Tribunal, the President assigns a division composed of three members, that is, the judge presiding over the division and two assessors to assist the judge.

The Tribunal staff plans and organizes the hearings and provides the necessary legal and administrative assistance to the members in the exercise of their functions.

Members

President

Madam Justice Madeleine Aubé is appointed Member and President of the Human Rights Tribunal on September 2, 2022.

Admitted to the Bar in 1985, she holds a Bachelor of Laws degree from the Université de Sherbrooke. She first practiced law in the private sector. She then worked as a lawyer in the Direction du droit constitutionnel and the litigation office of the General Attorney of Québec. In 2003, she was appointed Director of Legal Affairs at the Commission d’accès à l’information, whose mandate also includes the protection of privacy. Back at the ministère de la Justice in 2007, she directed the legal affairs of the ministère du Travail, de l’Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale and then became Associate Director General of the Division du litige et du droit Public. For many years, Justice Aubé has been a member of the Québec Bar's Continuing Education Advisory Committee, which organizes the annual conference “Développements récents en droit administratif et constitutionnel". From 2000 to 2006, she was a lecturer at the Université de Sherbrooke, where she taught general constitutional law and the right to equality protected by the Charters of Rights and Freedoms. When she is appointed to the bench, she is a member of the Tribunal administratif du Québec, Social Affairs Section and Coordinator in Mental Health Matters.

On June 28, 2012, she is appointed Justice of the Court of Québec, Civil Division, in Sherbrooke. She is also a member of the Administrative and Appeal Division, and later a member of the Professions Tribunal. Since her appointment, she has been involved in various Committees, including the organizing committee of the Seminar on Social Realities, the Civil Advisory Committee on Persons with Mental Health Issues, and the Ethics and Professional Conduct Committee.

Judges

Justice Christian Brunelle was appointed a member of the Human Rights Tribunal on September 1st,  2019.

He holds a bachelor’s degree (Université Laval, 1987), a master’s degree (Ottawa University, 1992) and a doctorate degree in Human Rights Law (Ottawa University, 2000).
He was a law professor at the Faculty of Law of Université Laval between 2000 and 2015, where he taught Human Rights and Labour Law. He has published two books and many articles on human rights issues. He served as vice-dean and secretary of the law faculty from 2007 to 2010. He was also the person in charge of the Groupe d’étude en droits et libertés of the Faculty.    
 
Admitted to the Québec Bar in 1988, he practiced in private practice mainly in administrative Law (municipal and education Law), civil Law and labour Law. He was a member of the Human Rights Committee of the Quebec Bar from 2007 to 2015.

On September 3rd, 2015, Justice Brunelle was appointed to the Civil Division of the Court of Québec.

Justice Johanne Gagnon was appointed to the Human Rights Tribunal on September 1st, 2022.

She holds a bachelor's degree in business administration from Montreal’s École des Hautes Études Commerciales (HEC) as well as a bachelor's degree in law from the University of Montreal.

Justice Gagnon has devoted her career as a lawyer to civil and commercial litigation, having practiced in the fields of banking administration, mortgage collection, civil liability and estates and trusts.

At the time of her appointment as a judge in the Civil Division of the Court of Québec on August 15th, 2018, she was practicing law with Kaufman, where she developed an expertise in the realization of securities and in litigation related to commercial leases.

Justice Sophie Lapierre was appointed to the Human Rights Tribunal on September 1, 2021, for a two year term.

She holds a bachelor’s degree in law from Université de Sherbrooke (1992) together with a postgraduate degree in business administration (2000) from the same university.

Prior to her appointment to the Court of Quebec, Civil Division (2017), she practiced law in different private law firms, mainly in civil liability and insurance law. She also practiced in labour and construction law, and, generally, in civil litigation.

Throughout her career, she has been involved in her community, particularly with the regional hospital’s foundation and the École du Barreau. She also held various management and administration positions within a national law firm.

The Honourable Magali Lewis was appointeda member of the Human Rights Tribunal on June 8th, 2016. With both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree in law from the Université de Montréal, Justice Lewis was admitted to the Bar in November 1988. She initially worked for The Court Challenges Program and subsequently practiced law for several years at the firm Ménard & Martin, working principally in the domain of medical, dental and hospital liability.  She then opened her own firm where she broadened her practice to include family law. In July 2000, Justice Lewis moved to California and obtained a master’s degree in American law from the University of Santa Clara. Upon her return to Québec, she joined the firm Barrette & Associés where, in 2007, she added family mediation to her practice. Very involved in her community where she has served as president or vice-president of community organizations, Justice Lewis was also member of the Comité sur l’arbitrage des comptes d’honorairesof theBarreau du Québec from December 2010 until her nomination to the Court of Québec on January 30, 2014.

Assessors

Me Pierre Arguin was appointed assessor to the Tribunal on August 1, 2018.  He holds both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree in Law from the Université de Montréal. He also holds a master’s degree in Political science from the Université du Québec à Montréal , as well as a post-graduate diploma in Public management from the École nationale d’administration publique (ÉNAP). Admitted to the Bar of Québec in 1983, and now a retired lawyer, he first practiced Labour law at the Commission des normes du travail (CNT) and, in 1988, at the Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CSST). In 2000, he joined the legal department of the Ministry of Justice of the Government of Quebec, where he practiced mostly Constitutional and Administrative law. In 2011, he was appointed Commissioner at the Commission des lésions professionnelles, and in 2016, member of the Tribunal administratif du travail and served as administrative judge until March 2017. In June 2021, he was appointed as a substitute member of the Commission de la fonction publique du Québec, where he acts as an administrative judge. He is also a teaching assistant in Public Administration Law at the ÉNAP. Furthermore, he is the author and co-author of many articles, published in various law journals, and of some versions of the Loi (annotée) sur les accidents du travail et les maladies professionnelles.

Mtre Djénane Boulad was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on January 9, 2018. A member of the Barreau du Québec since 1986, and retired attorney since 2017, she holds a master’s degree (DESS) in Public International Law (Administration Internationale) from the Paris II Panthéon-Sorbonne University, in France. She has practised law as legal and legislative counsel at the House of Commons. Sha was also counsel to members of the Immigration and Refugee Board, as a refugee protection officer, and subsequently was Minister’s counsel to the Board. Following an assignment with the Canadian Human Rights Commission as a human rights officer, she served for 10 years at the Competition Bureau as a competition law officer in charge of major fraud and misleading telemarketing investigations.

 

Mtre. Pierre Deschamps was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on July 3, 2018. He graduated in Law from McGill University in 1975 after obtaining a degree in Religious Studies from the Université de Montréal in 1972.  He has been a member of the Québec Bar since 1976. He was a member of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal for ten years and Research Director at McGill University's Research Centre in Private and Comparative Law for more than 15 years.  During those years, he also held an appointment as Adjunct Professor in the University's Faculty of Law, where he taught human rights law and civil liability.  In 2000, Mr. Deschamps was made a member of the Order of Canada for his volunteer work. In 2013, he received the title of Lawyer Emeritus from the Québec Bar.  In 2015, he was appointed to the Québec End of Life Care Commission.

 

Mtre Carolina Manganelli was appointed Assessor to the Tribunal on March 30, 2016.  She was admitted to the Barreau du Québec in 2005. In addition to her law degrees, she obtained a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology with a minor in Canadian Ethnic Studies from McGill University, as well as a Masters in Law in Human Rights Law from University College London in the United Kingdom. She worked with the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe as well as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Upon her return to Canada she founded her own firm, thereafter pursuing her career in Aboriginal law with the Department of Justice Canada as well as with a private firm in Montreal. Before her nomination to the Tribunal, she was a Member of the Immigration and Refugee Board, Refugee Protection Division, where she presided over hearings and ruled on claims for refugee protection.

Mtre Marie-Josée Paiement was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on January 16, 2019. She holds a Bachelor of Arts from the Department of Applied Human Sciences of Concordia University as well as a Bachelor’s degree in Law from the Université de Sherbrooke. She is admitted to the Bar of Quebec in 1987. Since then, she practiced mainly as a prosecutor for the Director of Youth Protection of Batshaw Youth and Family Centres in matters of youth law. She was a member of the Committee in youth law for the Bar from 2007 to 2016 and she has worked for the Barreau du Québec from 2014 to 2015 as a lawyer for the Research and legislation department. In addition, she lectured in social law and in civil law for college level courses from 1991 to 2003.

 

Mtre. Myriam Paris-Boukdjadja was appointed Assessor with the Tribunal on October 9, 2019. A graduate of the Faculty of Law of the University of Sherbrooke she also holds a postgraduate degree in Alternative Dispute Resolution. She has been a member of the Bar of Quebec since 1998. After three years as a private practitioner, she joined the Ministry of Immigration and Citizenship, later to join the Canada Border Services Agency where she specialized in immigration and asylum. Acting on behalf of the Minister of Public Safety before the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) during more than ten years, she conducted numerous enquiries related to the Convention on the Status of Refugees. She has written the national training manuals on the presentation of investigations before the Refugee Protection Division and the Refugee Appeal Division, a training program provided across Canada. She was appointed Member of the IRB in June 2018. She presides and rules claims for refugee protection and detention reviews.

 

Mtre. Marie Pepin was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on September 4, 2013. A member of the Barreau du Québec since 1994, and now a retired lawyer, she also holds an honours degree in industrial relations from the Université de Montréal. For over 25 years, she worked in the field of labour relations for the Confédération des syndicats nationaux. More specifically, she looked into women’s working conditions and child labour throughout the world. She also participated in international missions regarding the rights of workers in developing countries. She is currently in private practice and associated with a firm that specializes in social law.

 

Mtre Daniel Proulx was appointed assessor to the Tribunal on March 20th, 2019. A member of the Barreau du Québec since 1978, and now a retired lawyer, he was a Faculty member of the University of Ottawa Law School from 1980 to 2004. In 2004, he became a law professor at the University of Sherbrooke, where he was also appointed Dean of the Faculty of Law for a seven years term. At the end of his term in 2011, he went back to his teaching and research activities at the Faculty, which he continued until his retirement on August 31th, 2019. Mtre Proulx is an expert in constitutional law and has published extensively in the field of human rights, especially equality rights and prevention of discrimination. He was also a member of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal (1989-1997) and co-editor of the Canadian Human Rights Yearbook (1985-1990).

 

Mtre. Monique Rousseau was appointed assessor to the Tribunal on May 19, 2021. She holds a bachelor's degree in Law from Université Laval and a postgraduate diploma in administrative sciences from the École des hautes études Commerciales de Montréal.

Admitted to the Bar in 1984, she began her career as a litigator in private practice before joining the Quebec public service in 1986, first at the Ministry of Revenue, then at the Ministry of Justice. 

From 2003 until 2019, she held various management positions within the Quebec Ministry of Justice, including those of Director of the Direction du droit autochtone et constitutionnel and Director of Public Law.

As a lawyer at the Direction du droit autochtone et constitutionnel, she handled a number of cases related to ​​human rights and represented the Attorney General of Quebec in more than twenty cases before the Supreme Court of Canada.

Staff

Members of the legal team

Mtre. Isabelle Gauthier has been acting as an attorney for the Tribunal since 2012, and as the head of the legal team since September 2016. Previously, she had held the position of legal research officer since April 2009. She has been a member of the Barreau du Québec since 1995 and holds a bachelor’s degree in law from the Université de Montréal, as well as a master's degree in comparative law with a major in bioethics from McGill University. She worked as an attorney and bioethicist in the health and social services network and acted as a member of clinical and research ethics committees. She then worked for seven years as a litigation attorney in matters of medical and hospital liability, and in matters of human rights with a private law firm.

 

Mtre. Hajirah Ismail-Zada acts as a legal research assistant at the Human Rights Tribunal since February 2022. She had previously completed her articling at the Tribunal and was admitted to the Barreau du Québec in April 2022. She holds a bachelor’s degree in international studies and a bachelor’s degree in law from the University of Montreal. In 2019-2020, she did an internship at the Superior Court of Quebec and her main fields of interest are human rights and international law.

Ms. Evelyne Dumas is an articling student at the Human Rights Tribunal since August 2022. She holds a bachelor’s degree in International Law and International Relations as well as a bachelor's degree in Law from UQÀM. During her studies, she gained experience from working in legal clinics and law firms. She completed her professional training at the École du Barreau du Québec in May 2022, and then worked in a housing rights organization until the start of her internship at the Tribunal.

Administrative staff

Ms. Roza Hadibi has been acting as clerk of the Tribunal since January 2022. In this context, she manages the proceedings introduced before the Tribunal and the handling of the motions. She holds a law degree and a certificate of aptitude to the legal profession from the University of Algiers. Ms. Hadibi held a management position in Algeria from 2011 to 2015 and then a legal executive position from 2016 to 2019.

Ms. Line Morin has been acting as principal secretary for the Human Rights Tribunal and assisting the President in her administrative functions since March 29, 2016. She is also the resource person for all matters related to the general secretariat of the Tribunal. Ms. Morin has extensive experience in secretarial work, having held operational positions and been an executive assistant at the ministère de la Justice since 1988. From 2001 to 2016, she assisted the Honourable François Marchand in his duties as judge and treasurer of the Conférence des juges du Québec.